Quantitative validation of a computer-aided maxillofacial planning system, focusing on soft tissue deformations
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Annals of maxillofacial surgery
, p. 171-175
University of Antwerp
Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D soft tissue predictions generated by a computer-aided maxillofacial planning system in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. Methods and Materials: Twenty patients with dentofacial dysmorphosis were treated with orthognathic surgery after a preoperative orthodontic treatment. Fourteen patients had an Angle Class II malocclusion; three patients had an Angle class III malocclusion, and three patients had an Angle Class I malocclusion. Skeletal asymmetry was observed in six patient. The surgeries were planned using the Maxilim software. Computer assisted surgical planning was transferred to the patient by digitally generated splints. The validation procedures were performed in the following steps: (1) Standardized registration of the pre- and postoperative Cone Beam CT volumes; (2) Automated adjustment of the bone-related planning to the actual operative bony displacement; (3) Simulation of soft tissue changes; (4) Calculation of the soft tissue differences between the predicted and the postoperative results by distance mapping. Statistical Analysis and Results: Eighty four percent of the mapped distances between the predicted and actual postoperative results measured between -2 mm and +2 mm. The mean absolute linear measurements between the predicted and actual postoperative surface was 1.18. Our study shows the overall prediction was dependent on neither the surgical procedures nor the dentofacial deformity type. Conclusion: Despite some shortcomings in the prediction of the final position of the lower lip and cheek area, this software promises a clinically acceptable soft tissue prediction for orthognathic surgical procedures.