Title
Pasteurella multocida toxin stimulates mitogen-activated protein kinase via <tex>$G_{q/11}$</tex>-dependent transactivation of the epidermal growth factor receptor
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Baltimore, Md ,
Subject
Chemistry
Biology
Source (journal)
Journal of biological chemistry. - Baltimore, Md
Volume/pages
275(2000) :3 , p. 2239-2245
ISSN
0021-9258
ISI
000084940000094
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
The dermatonecrotic toxin produced by Pasteurella multocida is one of the most potent mitogenic substances known for fibroblasts in vitro. Exposure to recombinant P. multocida toxin (rPMT) causes phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids, calcium mobilization, and activation of protein kinase C via a poorly characterized mechanism involving G(q/11) family heterotrimeric G proteins. To determine whether the regulation of G protein pathways contributes to the mitogenic effects of rPMT, we have examined the mechanism whereby rPMT stimulates the Erk mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in cultured HEK-293 cells. Treatment with rPMT resulted in a dose and time-dependent increase in Erk 1/2 phosphorylation that paralleled its stimulation of inositol phospholipid hydrolysis. Both rPMT- and alpha-thrombin receptor- stimulated Erk phosphorylation were selectively blocked by cellular expression of two peptide inhibitors of G(q/11) signaling, the dominant negative mutant G protein-coupled receptor kinase, GRK2(K220R), and the G alpha(q) carboxyl-terminal peptide, G alpha(q)-(305359). Like alpha-thrombin receptor-mediated Erk activation, the effect of rPMT was insensitive to the protein kinase C inhibitor GF109203X, but was blocked by the epidermal growth factor receptor-specific tyrphostin, AG1478 and by dominant negative mutants of mSos1 and Ha-Ras, These data indicate that rPMT employs G(q/11) family heterotrimeric G proteins to induce Ras-dependent Erk activation via protein kinase C-independent "transactivation" of the epidermal growth factor receptor.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/90e13a/8f29076.pdf
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