Publication
Title
One-year aerosol characterization study for $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ in Beijing
Author
Abstract
 A one-year-long aerosol characterization study was conducted from July 2002 through July 2003, in Beijing, China. Twenty-four hour PM2.5 and PM10 filter samples were collected, and about 50 aerosol samples of each type were obtained. Organic, elemental, and total carbon, levoglucosan and other organic compounds, and inorganic ionic species were measured. The overall mean PM mass concentrations were 99 and 175 mu g/m(3) for PM2.5 and PM10, respectively. Total carbon was the main component in both PM2.5 and PM10, with overall mean concentrations of 21 and 30 mu g/m(3), respectively. Of the organic compounds measured, levoglucosan exhibited the highest levels (overall mean of 0.31 mu g/m(3) in PM2.5 and of 0.40 ng/m(3) in PM10). Sulfate was the most prominent inorganic ionic species, with overall mean levels of 15.6 and 17.0 mu g/m(3) in PM2.5 and PM10, respectively. Most components measured were predominantly present in the PM2.5 size fraction; the overall mean PM2.5/PM10 ratio was typically in the range of 0.7-0.8, but this ratio was only 0.55 for the PM mass and for Ca2+ it was as low as 0.19. In PM2.5, total carbon exhibited relatively larger concentration levels (30 mu g/m(3)) in winter than in the other seasons. K+ also exhibited a relatively high concentration level in the winter season, with 2.3 mu g/m(3) in PM2.5. The contribution from biomass burning to K+ in PM2.5 was estimated on the basis of the levoglucosan data and the minimum K+/levoglucosan ratios obtained throughout the year; it was found that the contribution was largest in autumn, with 44%.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Atmospheric Pollution Research
Publication
2014
ISSN
1309-1042
Volume/pages
5:3(2014), p. 554-562
ISI
000345299400024
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
UAntwerpen
 Faculty/Department Research group Publication type Subject Affiliation Publications with a UAntwerp address