Reforming land-tenure systems in South Africa : routes to socio-economic and agricultural sustainabilityReforming land-tenure systems in South Africa : routes to socio-economic and agricultural sustainability
Faculty of Applied Economics
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Faculteit Toegepaste Economische Wetenschappen
Environmental Ecology & Microbiology (ENdEMIC)
Development policy review
32(2014):6, p. 647-674
Given the historical development of land tenure in South Africa, the aim of this article is to examine the best routes to alleviate poverty and retain sustainable agriculture in the country. First, a theoretical framework is presented that relates land tenure to sustainability, and three historical periods (pre-colonial, colonial, and apartheid) are then considered to explain the changes in land tenure and their consequences. The progress and main limitations of post-apartheid land reform to approach agricultural sustainability and alleviate poverty are discussed. Based on the analysis, different possibilities for future land reform are elaborated, followed by some recommendations for future land-reform policies in South Africa.