Publication
Title
Gairo virus, a novel arenavirus of the widespread **Mastomys natalensis** : genetically divergent, but ecologically similar to Lassa and Morogoro viruses
Author
Abstract
Despite its near pan-African range, the Natal multimammate mouse, Mastomys natalensis, carries the human pathogen Lassa virus only in West Africa, while the seemingly non-pathogenic arenaviruses Mopeia, Morogoro, and Luna have been detected in this semi-commensal rodent in Mozambique/Zimbabwe, Tanzania and Zambia, respectively. Here, we describe a novel arenavirus in M. natalensis from Gairo district of central Tanzania, for which we propose the name Gairo virus. Surprisingly, the virus is not closely related with Morogoro virus that infects M. natalensis only 90 km south of Gairo, but clusters phylogenetically with Mobala-like viruses that infect non-M. natalensis host species in Central African Republic and Ethiopia. Despite the evolutionary distance, Gairo virus shares basic ecological features with the other M. natalensis-borne viruses Lassa and Morogoro. Our data show that M. natalensis, carrying distantly related viruses even in the same geographical area, is a potent reservoir host for a variety of arenaviruses.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Virology. - New York
Publication
New York : 2015
ISSN
0042-6822
Volume/pages
476(2015), p. 249-256
ISI
000349883000029
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 29.01.2015
Last edited 21.11.2017
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