The intrinsically disordered domain of the antitoxin Phd chaperones the toxin doc against irreversible inactivation and misfolding
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Journal of biological chemistry. - Baltimore, Md
, p. 34013-34023
University of Antwerp
Background: The doc/phd family is a paradigm for toxin-antitoxin modules in particular and protein-protein regulation in general. Results: Without Phd and because of its incomplete Fic fold, Doc is heterogeneous and aggregation-prone and could dimerize in solution at high concentration. Conclusion: Phd acts as an antiaggregation chaperone, protecting the toxin Doc from misfolding. Significance: The intrinsically disordered domain of antitoxins can expand protein functionality. The toxin Doc from the phd/doc toxin-antitoxin module targets the cellular translation machinery and is inhibited by its antitoxin partner Phd. Here we show that Phd also functions as a chaperone, keeping Doc in an active, correctly folded conformation. In the absence of Phd, Doc exists in a relatively expanded state that is prone to dimerization through domain swapping with its active site loop acting as hinge region. The domain-swapped dimer is not capable of arresting protein synthesis in vitro, whereas the Doc monomer is. Upon binding to Phd, Doc becomes more compact and is secured in its monomeric state with a neutralized active site.