Title
An augmented ABCA4 screen targeting noncoding regions reveals a deep intronic founder variant in Belgian Stargardt patients An augmented ABCA4 screen targeting noncoding regions reveals a deep intronic founder variant in Belgian Stargardt patients
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
New York, N.Y. ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Human mutation. - New York, N.Y.
Volume/pages
36(2015) :1 , p. 39-42
ISSN
1059-7794
ISI
000347076700007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Autosomal-recessive Stargardt disease (STGD1) is hallmarked by a large proportion of patients with a single heterozygous causative variant in the disease gene ABCA4. Braun et al. () reported deep intronic variants of ABCA4 in STGD1 patients with one coding variant, prompting us to perform an augmented screen in 131 Belgian STGD1 patients with one or no ABCA4 variant to uncover deep intronic causal ABCA4 variants. This revealed a second variant in 28.6% of cases. Twenty-six percent of these carry the same causal variant c.4539+2001G>A (V4). Haplotyping in V4 carriers showed a common region of 63kb, suggestive of a founder mutation. Genotype-phenotype correlations suggest a moderate-to-severe impact of V4 on the STGD1 phenotype. In conclusion, V4 occurs in a high fraction of Belgian STGD1 patients and represents the first deep intronic founder mutation in ABCA4. This emphasizes the importance of augmented molecular genetic testing of ABCA4 in Belgian STGD1.
E-info
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