Ethnic disparities : genetics vs (social) environmentEthnic disparities : genetics vs (social) environment
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Antwerp Surgical Training, Anatomy and Research Centre (ASTARC)
World journal of obstetrics and gynecology
1(2012):4, p. 60-61
University of Antwerp
To define ethnicity in the context of perinatal care is a tough job. The word makes us think: racial, social, cultural, national. An ethnic group is generally considered a group of people with a common history, usually (but not always) a common religion and language, sharing aspects of culture such as nutrition and traditions concerning pregnancy, childbirth, the way they care for children. As procreation occurs mostly in-group, every ethnic group will demonstrate a higher prevalence of, more or less well-known, genes and their connected diseases. For some populations, such as Ashkenazi Jewish people, the prevalence and associated risks of these autosomal diseases are well known, as in the case of Jewish genetic disease, and specific screening programs are available.