Interrater and intrarater reliability of the Semmes Weinstein aesthesiometer to assess touch pressure threshold in burn scars
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Burns. - Bristol
, p. 1261-1267
University of Antwerp
Burn scars are frequently accompanied with sensory deficits often remaining present months or even years after injury. Clinimetric properties of assessment tools remain understudied within burn literature. Tactile sense of touch can be examined with the touch pressure threshold (TPT) method using the Semmes Weinstein monofilament test (SWMT). There is in recent research no consensus on the exact measurement procedure when using the SWMT. The aim of this paper was to determine the interrater and intrarater reliability of TPT within burn scars and healthy controls using the ascending descending measurement procedure. We used the newly developed guidelines for reporting reliability and agreement studies (GRRAS) as a basis to report this reliability study. In total 36 individuals were tested; a healthy control group and a scar group. The interrater reliability was excellent in the scar group (ICC = 0.908/SEM = 0.21) and fair to good in the control group (ICC = 0.731/SEM = 0.12). In the scar group intrarater ICC value was excellent (ICC = 0.822/SEM = 0.33). Within the control group also an excellent intrarater reliability (ICC = 0.807/SEM = 0.27) was found. In conclusion this study shows that the SWMT with the ascending descending measurement procedure is a feasible and reliable objective measure to evaluate TPT in (older) upper extremities burn scars as well as in healthy skin.