Title
WTO judicial politics and EU trade policy : business associations as vessels of special interest? WTO judicial politics and EU trade policy : business associations as vessels of special interest?
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Politics
Source (journal)
British journal of politics and international relations. - Oxford
Volume/pages
(2015) , p. 1-38
ISSN
1369-1481
1467-856X
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This article focuses on the effects of the WTOs quasi-judicial system of dispute resolution on the politics of trade policy making in the European Union (EU). We argue that this institutional innovation had a systematic transformative effect on EU trade politics, creating pressures for institutional adaptation and changing the character of organized trade policy lobbying. On the one hand, the new environment of the WTO created pressures for the EU to implement significant institutional innovations to ease access for private parties and generate an influx of information to strengthen offensive market access actions. On the other hand, this reform directly affected firms incentives to mobilize politically, creating incentives for specialized lobbying. The empirical analysis shows how these two processes ultimately led to a reorganization of trade policy lobbying in the EU and compelled European business associations to become increasingly receptive to the demands of special interests.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/abfec1/b2121848.pdf
Handle