Bidirectional sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence emission is influenced by leaf structure and light scattering properties : a bottom-up approach
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Ann Arbor, Mich.
Engineering sciences. Technology
Remote sensing of environment. - Ann Arbor, Mich.
, p. 169-179
University of Antwerp
Sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) at leaf level is emitted in both upward and downward directions in the red and far-red part of the spectrum (650850 nm) when a leaf is illuminated from the upper leaf surface. Hence, total SIF is represented by the sum of the upward and downward emission components. Nevertheless, the downward component of leaf SIF is often not considered despite that downward fluorescence yield (↓FY) can amount up to 40% of the total fluorescence yield (FYtot). Downward SIF is mainly emitted in the far-red, since this part of fluoresced light is highly scattered within leaves, unlike red Chl fluorescence, which is mostly reabsorbed. While total FY can be quite different among distinct species, the relative partitioning between upward and downward fluorescence shows more similarities among different leaf types, especially in the far-red. It is shown that bidirectional SIF emission properties in the far-red can be attributed to the scattering properties of the leaf, whereby an equifacial leaf follows a different trend compared to bifacial leaves. This was done by comparing SIF data with simultaneously measured reflectance, transmittance and fluorescence data by means of the FluoWat leaf clip coupled with an ASD hyperspectral spectroradiometer. These results could further improve Chl fluorescence modeling at leaf level, and help to advance the interpretation of SIF at the canopy level.