Title
Risk factors for borderline personality disorder in treatment seeking patients with a substance use disorder : an international multicenter study Risk factors for borderline personality disorder in treatment seeking patients with a substance use disorder : an international multicenter study
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Basel ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
European addiction research. - Basel
Volume/pages
21(2015) :4 , p. 188-194
ISSN
1022-6877
ISI
000356613000003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) often co-occur, partly because they share risk factors. In this international multicenter study, risk factors for BPD were examined for SUD patients. In total, 1,205 patients were comprehensively examined by standardized interviews and questionnaires on psychiatric diagnosis and risk factors, and it was found that 1,033 (85.7%) had SUDs without BPD (SUD) and 172 (14.3%) had SUD with BPD (SUD + BPD). SUD + BPD patients were significantly younger, more often females and more often diagnosed with comorbid adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. SUD + BPD patients did not differ from SUD patients on most risk factors typical for SUD such as maternal use of drugs during pregnancy or parents having any SUD. However, SUD + BPD patients did have a higher risk of having experienced emotional and physical abuse, neglect, or family violence in childhood compared to SUD patients, suggesting that child abuse and family violence are BPD-specific risk factors in patients with SUDs.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/cd9392/56f4ca5c68c.pdf
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/b85d95/9822.pdf
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