Title
Gender mainstreaming on the ground? The case of EU development aid towards Rwanda Gender mainstreaming on the ground? The case of EU development aid towards Rwanda
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Political Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
European integration online papers. - -
Volume/pages
18(2014) , 23 p.
ISSN
1027-5193
1027-5193
Article Reference
4
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This article investigates why gender mainstreaming has not occurred in European Union (EU) development aid towards Rwanda despite a two-sided receptiveness from Rwanda and the EUs Directorate-General for Development and Cooperation. I use a feminist institutionalist approach to examine formal and informal institutions as well as the actors, networks and processes involved in policy formation and implementation. I argue that the largest stumbling block to effective implementation is an institutional weakness at the EU level which involves a decoupling of formal and informal institutions and leads to the ceremonial behaviour of gender policy actors and a limited, instrumental policy guided by gendered assumptions. These reproduce further stereotypes and contribute to an asymmetrical power play within the institutions. This can disadvantage women and staff working on gender equality. Finally, the EUs institutional practices structurally marginalize the voices of Rwandan women and their movement which is problematic in the context of an increasingly authoritarian state.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/07ac11/4e367288.pdf
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