Title
Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Oxford ,
Subject
Psychology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Behaviour research and therapy. - Oxford
Volume/pages
42(2004) :7 , p. 775-789
ISSN
0005-7967
ISI
000222195300003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Research on autobiographical memory has shown that clinical depression is associated with a difficulty in retrieving specific autobiographical memories in response to cue words. This study examined the relation between lack of autobiographical memory specificity and self-reported trauma in a group of depressed adults (N=23). In addition to the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT; Williams & Broadbent, 1986) participants completed a number of questionnaires assessing the presence of traumatic experiences in the past, level of depression and neuroticism. The number of specific responses was not related to depression severity, but was significantly associated with the presence and severity of reported physical abuse. Participants who had been victim of physical abuse were less specific than participants who had not been confronted with such physical adversities. The results are discussed in the context of a functional hypothesis about the developmental relations between memory specificity, trauma and depression.
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