Title
Migration and economic mobility in Tanzania : evidence from a tracking survey Migration and economic mobility in Tanzania : evidence from a tracking survey
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Publication type
article
Publication
Cambridge, Mass. ,
Subject
Economics
Source (journal)
The review of economics and statistics. - Cambridge, Mass.
Volume/pages
93(2011) :3 , p. 1010-1033
ISSN
0034-6535
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
This study explores to what extent migration has contributed to improved living standards of individuals in Tanzania. Using a thirteen-year panel survey, we find that migration between 1991 and 2004 added 36 percentage points to consumption growth. Although moving out of agriculture resulted in much higher growth than staying in agriculture, growth was always greater in any sector if the individual physically moved. As to why more people do not move given the high returns to geographical mobility, analysis finds evidence consistent with models in which exit barriers set by home communities prevent the migration of some categories of people.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/f39380/c10e4cba.pdf