Title
Orphanhood and human capital destruction : is there persistence into adulthood? Orphanhood and human capital destruction : is there persistence into adulthood?
Author
Faculty/Department
Institute of Development Policy and Management
Publication type
article
Publication
Washington, D.C. ,
Subject
Sociology
Source (journal)
Demography / Population Association of America. - Washington, D.C., 1964, currens
Volume/pages
47(2010) :1 , p. 163-180
ISSN
0070-3370
1533-7790
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
This article presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes in a region of northwestern Tanzania. We study a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 19911994 who were traced and reinterviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19%, lost one or more parents before age 15 in this period, allowing us to assess permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. In the analysis, we control for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fi xed effects. We fi nd that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of fi nal height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5% compared with similar children whose mothers survived until at least their 15th birthday.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/2188ad/62e9d48a50f.pdf