Orphanhood and human capital destruction : is there persistence into adulthood?Orphanhood and human capital destruction : is there persistence into adulthood?
Institute of Development Policy and Management
2010Washington, D.C., 2010
Demography / Population Association of America. - Washington, D.C., 1964, currens
47(2010):1, p. 163-180
This article presents unique evidence that orphanhood matters in the long run for health and education outcomes in a region of northwestern Tanzania. We study a sample of 718 non-orphaned children surveyed in 19911994 who were traced and reinterviewed as adults in 2004. A large proportion, 19%, lost one or more parents before age 15 in this period, allowing us to assess permanent health and education impacts of orphanhood. In the analysis, we control for a wide range of child and adult characteristics before orphanhood, as well as community fi xed effects. We fi nd that maternal orphanhood has a permanent adverse impact of 2 cm of fi nal height attainment and one year of educational attainment. Expressing welfare in terms of consumption expenditure, the result is a gap of 8.5% compared with similar children whose mothers survived until at least their 15th birthday.