Changes over time of psychoacoustic outcome measurements are not a substitute for subjective outcome measurements in acute tinnitus
de Varebeke, Sebastien Janssens
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology. - Berlin, 1990, currens
, p. 573-581
University of Antwerp
The aim of this study was to assess correlations between the changes over time of various tinnitus measurements. A longitudinal prospective study comparing two test moments was performed: before treatment and after 90 days. Tinnitus assessment consisted of psychoacoustic outcome measurements (minimal masking level and loudness matching at 1 kHz) and subjective outcome measurements (Tinnitus Impairment Questionnaire, Tinnitus Questionnaire and Numeric Rating Scale of loudness and annoyance). Additionally, the effect size was measured. 35 subjects were included in this study. The subjects had a permanent, non-pulsatile tinnitus acquired < 3 months previously. Weak or no significant correlations were found between a dagger psychoacoustic outcome measurements and a dagger subjective outcome measurements. The effect size showed that subjective outcome measurements were the most responsive to measure change in tinnitus complaints. We can conclude that psychoacoustic outcome measurements of tinnitus cannot substitute subjective outcome measurements in patients with acute tinnitus. The authors recommend subjective outcome measurements as primary outcome measurements in a clinical setting. In research, however, it is meaningful to quantify tinnitus in both ways.