Publication
Title
Iliac bone grafting of the intact glenoid improves shoulder stability with optimal graft positioning
Author
Abstract
Background: Bone grafting procedures are increasingly popular for the treatment of anterior shoulder instability. In patients with a high risk of recurrence, open coracoid transplantation is preferred but can be technically demanding. Free bone graft glenoid augmentation may be an alternative strategy for high-risk patients without significant glenoid bone loss. This biomechanical cadaveric study assessed the stabilizing effect of free iliac crest bone grafting of the intact glenoid and the importance of sagittal graft position. Methods: Eight fresh frozen cadaveric shoulders were tested. The bone graft was fixed on the glenoid neck at 3 sagittal positions (50%, 75%, and 100% below the glenoid equator). Displacement and reaction force were monitored with a custom device while translating the humeral head over the glenoid surface in both anterior and anteroinferior direction. Results: Peak force (PF) increased significantly from the standard labral repair to the grafted conditions in both anterior (14.7 +/- 5.5 N vs 27.3 +/- 6.9 N) and anteroinferior translation (22.0 +/- 5.3 N vs 29.3 +/- 6.9 N). PF was significantly higher for the grafts at the 50% and 75% positions compared with the grafts 100% below the equator with anterior translation. Anteroinferior translation resulted in significantly higher values for the 100% and 75% positions compared with the 50% position. Conclusions: This biomechanical study confirms improved anterior glenohumeral stability after iliac crest bone graft augmentation of the anterior glenoid. The results also demonstrate the importance of bone graft position in the sagittal plane, with the ideal position determined by the direction of dislocation. (C) 2015 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery. - St. Louis, Mo.
Publication
St. Louis, Mo. : 2015
ISSN
1058-2746
Volume/pages
24:4(2015), p. 533-540
ISI
000351224800012
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 12.05.2015
Last edited 29.03.2017
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