Study of physicochemical parameters of different cultivars of **Mangifera indica** L. leaves for their use as a source of Mangiferin
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences. Pharmacy
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
International journal of pharmacognosy and phytochemical research
, p. 608-612
University of Antwerp
The leaves of M. indica are used as a source of mangiferin for the pharmaceutical industry. The present study deals with the phytochemical and physicochemical evaluation of different varieties in order to identify the most suitable one. The parameters included in this comparative study are extractable matter, mangiferin content, water content and total ash. ANOVA revealed a significant difference between the physicochemical parameters of the different cultivars. The Hierarchical Ascendant Classification divided the 29 cultivars into 4 clusters. Eventhough the Filipino and Biscochuelo cultivars showed a higher content of Mangiferin, the cluster of cultivars including the cultivar Corazón is the most suitable one taking the results of the extractable matter into account. In addition, the seasonal variation was investigated for the latter cluster, which revealed that optimal collection period includes the flowering and green fruit stages. Furthermore, based on the investigation of the influence of the drying and storage conditions, plant material for industrial isolation of mangiferin, can be dried using a sun dryer and stored in glass or polypropylene containers for one year.