Publication
Title
The voiding pattern in healthy pre- and term infants and toddlers : a literature review
Author
Abstract
Toilet training in Western culture starts between 18 and 24 months. At this age, a child is assumed to have procured the competences needed for bladder control. Since the knowledge of reference values of a normal micturition serves as a guide to diagnose urologic pathology, the aim of this systematic review is to obtain a more comprehensive picture of normal voiding pattern in healthy infants, who have not yet reached bladder control. The systematic literature search was performed in two databases. This systematic review was conducted by the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA statement). Twenty-one studies were selected that demonstrate factors associated with voiding pattern. Diuresis, interrupted voiding, post-void residual urine and voiding frequency are parameters decreasing with age. Bladder capacity, the lowest volume triggering micturition, flow rate, voiding volume and the level of awake voiding expand with age. Conclusion: When evaluating the voiding pattern in infants, the normal evaluation of micturition parameters in healthy normal developing infants must be taken into consideration.
Language
English
Source (journal)
European journal of pediatrics. - Berlin
Publication
Berlin : 2015
ISSN
0340-6199
Volume/pages
174:9(2015), p. 1129-1142
ISI
000359821700001
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 27.06.2015
Last edited 11.07.2017
To cite this reference