Title
Too much zeal on seals : animal welfare, public morals and consumer ethics at the bar of the WTO Too much zeal on seals : animal welfare, public morals and consumer ethics at the bar of the WTO
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Law
Publication type
article
Publication
Cambridge ,
Subject
Politics
Economics
Law
Source (journal)
World trade review / World Trade Organization. - Cambridge, 2002, currens
Volume/pages
15(2016) :1 , p. 109-137
ISSN
1474-7456
ISI
000372460500006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
The Seals Regime at issue in EC-Seals pursued conflicting policy objectives of animal welfare, protection of public morals, Inuit and the marine environment through regulation of product composition and hunting. The panels TBT findings are problematic: The panel empties the term related PPMs in the definition of technical regulations of content and it does not distinguish and sequence the legal tests of TBT Articles 2.1 and 2.2 clearly enough. It fails to analyse properly how the necessity analysis should be performed for a multipurpose policy and reduces the ability of WTO members to defend them. The panel also adopts an unduly empiricist definition of public morals and legitimate objectives. The article argues that the content of public morals and legitimate objectives in Article 2.2 should be informed by moral philosophy. Its analysis suggests that collectively binding regulation of ethical standards can generally not be considered to be about public morals.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/5de94a/a987bda8.pdf
E-info
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000372460500006&DestLinkType=RelatedRecords&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000372460500006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
Handle