Individual vulnerability to burnout in nurses : the role of Type D personality within different nursing specialty areas
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
, p. 80-86
University of Antwerp
Introduction Previous studies describe nursing as an occupation with a high-risk for burnout. However, less attention has been paid to the individual factors underlying this psychological syndrome. Aim This study aims to contribute to the limited body of evidence concerning Type D personality and burnout in nursing. To investigate this topic, we examined Type D personality, stress and burnout within the nursing profession, while taking the organisational and job-related elements into account. Method During this cross-sectional study, data were collected using self-report questionnaires. The 222 nurses who participated were selected from 12 general hospitals across Antwerp, Belgium. The departments and nurses surveyed were selected at random and sub-divided into six nursing specialty areas. Results Type D personality ranged from 23% in medical and surgical units, up to 36% in paediatric units. In addition, even when corrected for organisational and job-related factors, nurses with Type D personality were five times more likely to have a high risk for burnout. Conclusion This study suggested that Type D is a vulnerable personality in nurses for the development of burnout. Consequently, it might be advisable to target this individual factor in prevention programmes.