Improved delivery of live SVC-based HTTP adaptive streaming content
Faculty of Sciences. Mathematics and Computer Science
New york :Ieee
2014 IEEE NETWORK OPERATIONS AND MANAGEMENT SYMPOSIUM (NOMS)
14th IEEE/IFIP Network Operations and Management Symposium (NOMS), MAY 05-09, 2014, Krakow, POLAND
, 2 p.
University of Antwerp
Over the past decades, the importance of multimedia services such as video streaming has increased considerably. Since streaming protocols such as Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP) and Real Time Transport Protocol (RTP) require server-side bit-rate adaptation schemes, they are not ideally suited to deal with highly heterogeneous and dynamically changing network conditions. Therefore, research shifted towards client-side adaptation schemes, requiring significantly less investments in server-side infrastructure. HTTP Adaptive Streaming (HAS) is now becoming omnipresent in video streaming services due to many advantages offered by HTTP-based streaming: reliable transmission over TCP, reuse of existing caching infrastructure and compatibility with NATs and firewalls. In HAS, the video content is split temporally into segments which are encoded at different quality rates. The client side heuristic decides at which quality rate each segment should be downloaded, based on measured network statistics, buffer filling level and device characteristics. Traditionally, Advanced Video Coding (AVC) is used to encode the different segments, introducing a significant amount of redundancy across quality representations. Scalable Video Coding (SVC) can cope with these issues of content redundancy by creating dependencies between the base and enhancement layers. Adopting SVC in HAS significantly improves caching and bandwidth efficiency at the server side. Another advantage of SVC, is the ability to gradually upgrade the quality of the video by downloading additional video layers.