Publication
Title
Mechanisms contributing to visceral hypersensitivity : focus on splanchnic afferent nerve signaling
Author
Abstract
Background Visceral hypersensitivity is a main characteristic of functional bowel disorders and is mediated by both peripheral and central factors. We investigated whether enhanced splanchnic afferent signaling in vitro is associated with visceral hypersensitivity in vivo in an acute and postinflammatory rat model of colitis. Methods Trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-colitis was monitored individually by colonoscopy to confirm colitis and follow convalescence and endoscopic healing in each rat. Experiments were performed in controls, rats with acute colitis and in postcolitis rats. Colonic afferent mechanosensitivity was assessed in vivo by quantifying visceromotor responses (VMRs), and by making extracellular afferent recordings from splanchnic nerve bundles in vitro. Multiunit afferent activity was classified into single units identified as low threshold (LT), wide dynamic range (WDR), high threshold (HT), and mechanically insensitive afferents (MIA). Key Results During acute TNBS-colitis, VMRs were significantly increased and splanchnic nerve recordings showed proportionally less MIA and increased WDR and HT afferents. Acute colitis gave rise to an enhanced spontaneous activity of both LT and MIA and augmented afferent mechanosensitivity in LT, WDR and HT afferents. Postcolitis, VMRs remained significantly increased, whereas splanchnic nerve recordings showed that the proportion of LT, WDR, HT and MIA had normalized to control values. However, LT and MIA continued to show increased spontaneous activity and WDR and HT remained sensitized to colorectal distension. Conclusions & Inferences Visceral hypersensitivity in vivo is associated with sensitized splanchnic afferent responses both during acute colitis and in the postinflammatory phase. However, splanchnic afferent subpopulations are affected differentially at both time points.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Neurogastroenterology and motility / European Gastrointestinal Motility Society. - Cambridge, Mass., 1994, currens
Publication
Cambridge, Mass. : 2015
ISSN
1350-1925 [print]
1365-2982 [online]
Volume/pages
27:12(2015), p. 1709-1720
ISI
000365679000003
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (open access)
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UAntwerpen
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Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
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Creation 10.09.2015
Last edited 08.08.2017
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