Title
Vulnerability of industrial facilities to attacks with improvised explosive devices aimed at triggering domino scenarios
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Applied Economics
Publication type
article
Publication
Barking ,
Subject
Economics
Source (journal)
Reliability engineering and system safety. - Barking
Volume/pages
143(2015) , p. 53-62
ISSN
0951-8320
ISI
000360417100006
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Process- and chemical plants may constitute a critical target for a terrorist attack. In the present study, the analysis of industrial accidents induced by intentional acts of interference is carried out focusing on accident chains triggered by attacks with home-made (improvised) explosives. The effects of blast waves caused by improvised explosive devices are compared with those expected from a net equivalent charge of TNT by using a specific methodology for the assessment of stand-off distances. It is demonstrated that a home-made explosive device has a TNT efficiency comprised between 0.2 and 0.5. The model was applied to a case study, demonstrating the potentiality of improvised explosives in causing accident escalation sequences and severe effects on population and assets. The analysis of the case-study also allowed obtaining suggestions for an adequate security management.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/bee3ed/15855da293f.pdf
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