Title
Development and techno-economic evaluation of a biorefinery based on biomass (waste) streams : case study in the NetherlandsDevelopment and techno-economic evaluation of a biorefinery based on biomass (waste) streams : case study in the Netherlands
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Bioscience Engineering
Research group
Environmental Ecology & Microbiology (ENdEMIC)
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
BIOFUELS, BIOPRODUCTS AND BIOREFINING
Volume/pages
8(2014):5, p. 635-644
ISSN
1932-104X
ISI
000342662200015
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
In this paper, the technical and economic advantages of combining conversion technologies into a multi-dimensional plant primarily using regional biomass residues are investigated. The main objective is to show how locally available biomass can be used more efficiently as a source for renewable energy and bio-based products. Therefore, not only is the theoretical perspective considered, but also a reality check for the local situation is taken into account. Although industrial attitude toward biorefineries is positive, the efficient production of a portfolio of bio-based products has not yet been implemented. A biorefinery concept for Moerdijk (the Netherlands) was developed, focusing on grass refining, production of pyrolysis oil, biodiesel production, and bio-LNG production. Grass refining is the most experimental technique of all proposed conversion techniques. In terms of development, pyrolysis oil and bio-LNG production are in the demonstration phase. Anaerobic digestion and biodiesel production are proven techniques. It is shown that this concept allows for synergies with regard to the utilization of residue flows from internal processes. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that by integrating different conversion technologies, an economically feasible concept can be developed in which technologies, currently residing in a demonstration phase, can also be brought to the market. (c) 2013 Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
E-info
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