Title
Morphological variability within the Achnanthidium minutissimum species complex (Bacillariophyta) : comparison between the type material of Achnanthes minutissima and related taxa, and new freshwater Achnanthidium species from Portugal
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Phytotaxa
Volume/pages
224(2015) :2 , p. 101-139
ISSN
1179-3155
ISI
000360139800001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Two new taxa similar to Achnanthidium minutissimum were common and abundant in samples collected during a survey of benthic diatoms in watercourses from mainland Portugal. They are described here as A. duriense, sp. nov. and A. lusitanicum, sp. nov. In addition, the recently described A. pseudolineare is reported from various localities and its ecology is described in detail. The new Achnanthidium species from Portugal were compared with the type material of morphologically similar taxa: Achnanthidium microcephalum, Achnanthes minutissima, A. minutissima var. cryptocephala, A. minutissima var. inconspicua and A. nana. The analysis of this type material confirmed that Achnanthes minutissima var. cryptocephala should be regarded as a different taxon, and a new combination is proposed, Achnanthidium neocryptocephalum, stat., comb. et nom. nov. Achnanthes minutissima var. inconspicua is now considered as a younger synonym of Achnanthidium lineare. Based on a detailed morphological study of specimens of Achnanthes nana from Scotland, Nepal and Portugal, this taxon is transferred to the genus Achnanthidium as Achnanthidium nanum, comb. nov.
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