Publication
Title
Loss of function mutations in HARS cause a spectrum of inherited peripheral neuropathies
Author
Abstract
Using linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing, Safka Brozkova et al. reveal missense mutations in the histidyl-tRNA synthetase gene in 23 patients from four families with axonal and demyelinating neuropathies of varying severity. The mutations cause loss of function in yeast complementation assays and neurotoxicity in a C. elegans model.Using linkage analysis and whole-exome sequencing, Safka Brozkova et al. reveal missense mutations in the histidyl-tRNA synthetase gene in 23 patients from four families with axonal and demyelinating neuropathies of varying severity. The mutations cause loss of function in yeast complementation assays and neurotoxicity in a C. elegans model.Inherited peripheral neuropathies are a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by distal muscle weakness and sensory loss. Mutations in genes encoding aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases have been implicated in peripheral neuropathies, suggesting that these tRNA charging enzymes are uniquely important for the peripheral nerve. Recently, a mutation in histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HARS) was identified in a single patient with a late-onset, sensory-predominant peripheral neuropathy; however, the genetic evidence was lacking, making the significance of the finding unclear. Here, we present clinical, genetic, and functional data that implicate HARS mutations in inherited peripheral neuropathies. The associated phenotypic spectrum is broad and encompasses axonal and demyelinating motor and sensory neuropathies, including four young patients presenting with pure motor axonal neuropathy. Genome-wide linkage studies in combination with whole-exome and conventional sequencing revealed four distinct and previously unreported heterozygous HARS mutations segregating with autosomal dominant peripheral neuropathy in four unrelated families (p.Thr132Ile, p.Pro134His, p.Asp175Glu and p.Asp364Tyr). All mutations cause a loss of function in yeast complementation assays, and p.Asp364Tyr is dominantly neurotoxic in a Caenorhabditis elegans model. This study demonstrates the role of HARS mutations in peripheral neuropathy and expands the genetic and clinical spectrum of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-related human disease.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Brain. - London
Publication
London : 2015
ISSN
0006-8950
Volume/pages
138:8(2015), p. 2161-2172
ISI
000360578700016
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 05.10.2015
Last edited 10.07.2017
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