Title
Fractal analysis of the egg shell ornamentation in anostracans cysts : a quantitative approach to the morphological variations in Chirocephalus ruffoi Fractal analysis of the egg shell ornamentation in anostracans cysts : a quantitative approach to the morphological variations in Chirocephalus ruffoi
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
The Hague ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Hydrobiologia. - The Hague
Volume/pages
705(2013) :1 , p. 1-8
ISSN
0018-8158
ISI
000314884800001
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
The external ornamentations of the cysts in anostracans are often characterized by crests and ridges. However, their variation cannot be properly quantified by traditional morphometrics. We propose a fractal-based analysis through box-counting to evaluate and compare differences between groups. Box-counting provides a value (fractal dimension, FD) which is proportional to the coverage and space-filling property of a geometrical pattern. Therefore, it is useful to quantify features associated with the spatial organization of the crests. Crests height is moderately correlated with cyst body diameter at individual (R = 0.27; P < 0.0001) and population (R = 0.58; P = 0.05) level. The geometric pattern of the crests is not related to the cyst body size, suggesting that allometric components influencing the spatial distribution of the crests are absent or negligible. There is a faint correlation between crests geometry and height (R = 0.20; P = 0.003). Interestingly, the distribution of the FDs is bimodal, revealing two distinct morphotypes that may be associated with structural constraints, genetics, or environmental components. Taking into account the limited information on the factors shaping the external crests of the cysts, this approach can be useful in evaluating phylogenetic and ecological influences on the final phenotype of the cysts.
E-info
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