Title
Inter-population variation of carotenoids in Galápagos land iguanas (**Conolophus subcristatus**) Inter-population variation of carotenoids in Galápagos land iguanas (**Conolophus subcristatus**)
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
London ,
Subject
Biology
Source (journal)
Comparative biochemistry and physiology : B : biochemistry and molecular biology. - London
Volume/pages
142(2005) :2 , p. 239-244
ISSN
1096-4959
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Carotenoids have received much attention from biologists because of their ecological and evolutionary implications in vertebrate biology. We sampled Galápagos land iguanas (Conolophus subcristatus) to investigate the types and levels of blood carotenoids and the possible factors affecting inter-population variation. Blood samples were collected from populations from three islands within the species natural range (Santa Cruz, Isabela, and Fernandina) and one translocated population (Venecia). Lutein and zeaxanthin were the predominant carotenoids found in the serum. In addition, two metabolically modified carotenoids (anhydrolutein and 3′-dehydrolutein) were also identified. Differences in the carotenoid types were not related to sex or locality. Instead, carotenoid concentration varied across the localities, it was higher in females, and it was positively correlated to an index of body condition. Our results suggest a possible sex-related physiological role of xanthophylls in land iguanas. The variation in the overall carotenoid concentration between populations seems to be related to the differences in local abundance and type of food within and between islands.
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/e78661/5c095d84b37.pdf