Do gender targets and gender working groups contribute to more gender-sensitive budget support? Evidence from 14 Sub-Saharan African countries
Institute of Development Policy and Management
European journal of development research. - London, 1989, currens
, p. 875-892
University of Antwerp
Aiming to increase the gender-sensitivity of budget support, the inclusion of sex-disaggregated indicators in Performance Assessment Frameworks (PAFs) and the set up of joint gender (sector) working groups have been proposed as possible remedying incentives. This article explores whether and in which (aid and country) contexts these measures have contributed to increasing female enrolment in primary education, by studying a sample of 14 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. The findings of our QCA-analysis demonstrate that particularly a combination of both types of incentives contributes to high performance in increasing female primary enrolment. Additionally, both types of measures prove to be especially effective in highly aid-dependent countries. If aid dependency is combined with a supportive country context, the presence of a gender working group seems to be sufficient; in a less enabling country, setting the inclusion of sex-disaggregated indicators in the PAF is necessary, although not sufficient.