Brachiocephalic artery access in transcatheter aortic valve implantation : a valuable alternative: 3-year institutional experience
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University Hospital Antwerp
Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery. - Amsterdam
, p. 734-740
University of Antwerp
OBJECTIVES With the expanding use of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), we have encountered increasing numbers of patients without ideal femoral access. Although many alternatives have been described, vascular access and access-related complications remain a point of concern. We report our series of 20 patients undergoing TAVI via brachiocephalic artery access. METHODS Between September 2011 and May 2014, we performed 107 consecutive CoreValve bioprosthesis implantations, of which 20 were by the brachiocephalic approach due to unfavourable iliac or femoral anatomy. RESULTS No vascular or access-related complications were seen. Procedural feasibility, device success and early safety, as defined by the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 criteria, were good, at 100, 95 and 95%, respectively. No stroke, transient ischaemic attack, acute kidney injury, major vascular or major bleeding complications were observed. At a mean follow-up of 497 days, the 1-year survival rate is 75.0%. Echocardiography at discharge confirmed moderate paravalvular regurgitation in 1 patient and mild paravalvular leakage in 3 patients, and no paravalvular leak more than moderate was seen. Echocardiography at discharge, 6 months and 1 year after TAVI confirmed persistent low mean transvalvular gradients (9, 9 and 10 mmHg, respectively). CONCLUSIONS TAVI implantation through the brachiocephalic artery is safe and feasible. The distance between the point of access and the aortic valve annulus is short, improving catheter stability and implant site accuracy. We consider it to be a valuable alternative in patients without femoral access.