Postoperative radiograph of the hip arthroplasty : what the radiologist should knowPostoperative radiograph of the hip arthroplasty : what the radiologist should know
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
2015Berlin :Springer, 2015
Insights into imaging / European Society of Radiology. - Berlin, 2010, currens
(2015), p. 1-10
University of Antwerp
This pictorial review aims to provide the radiologist with simple and systematic guidelines for the radiographic evaluation of a hip prosthesis. Currently, there is a plethora of commercially available arthroplasties, making postoperative analysis not always straightforward. Knowledge of the different types of hip arthroplasty and fixating techniques is a prerequisite for correct imaging interpretation. After identification of the type of arthroplasty, meticulous and systematic analysis of the following parameters on an anteroposterior standing pelvic radiograph should be undertaken: leg length, vertical and horizontal centre of rotation, lateral acetabular inclination, and femoral stem positioning. Additional orthogonal views may be useful to evaluate acetabular anteversion. Complications can be classified in three major groups: periprosthetic lucencies, sclerosis or bone proliferation, and component failure or fracture.