Publication
Title
Clinical characteristics, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of disseminated emmonsiosis : a retrospective case series
Author
Abstract
The first 54 cases are reported of disseminated emmonsiosis, a newly described endemic mycosis in South Africa. Most patients were profoundly immunocompromised. Disease most commonly involved the skin and lungs. Nearly half of all patients died, often undiagnosed.Methods.aEuro integral We performed a multicenter, retrospective chart review of laboratory-confirmed cases of emmonsiosis diagnosed across South Africa from January 2008 through February 2015. Results.aEuro integral Fifty-four patients were diagnosed in 5/9 provinces. Fifty-one patients (94%) were human immunodeficiency virus coinfected (median CD4 count 16 cells/A mu L [interquartile range, 6-40]). In 12 (24%) of these, antiretroviral therapy had been initiated in the preceding 2 months. All patients had disseminated disease, most commonly involving skin (n = 50/52, 96%) and lung (n = 42/48, 88%). Yeasts were visualized on histopathologic examination of skin (n = 34/37), respiratory tissue (n = 2/4), brain (n = 1/1), liver (n = 1/2), and bone marrow (n = 1/15). Emmonsia sp. was cultured from skin biopsy (n = 20/28), mycobacterial/fungal and aerobic blood culture (n = 15/25 and n = 9/37, respectively), bone marrow (n = 12/14), lung (n = 1/1), lymph node (n = 1/1), and brain (n = 1/1). Twenty-four of 34 patients (71%) treated with amphotericin B deoxycholate, 4/12 (33%) treated with a triazole alone, and none of 8 (0%) who received no antifungals survived. Twenty-six patients (48%) died, half undiagnosed. Conclusions.aEuro integral Disseminated emmonsiosis is more widespread in South Africa and carries a higher case fatality rate than previously appreciated. Cutaneous involvement is near universal, and skin biopsy can be used to diagnose the majority of patients.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Clinical infectious diseases. - Chicago, Ill.
Publication
Chicago, Ill. : 2015
ISSN
1058-4838
Volume/pages
61:6(2015), p. 1004-1012
ISI
000361468200026
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 13.11.2015
Last edited 20.08.2017
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