Title
Effect of discontinuation of antihypertensive treatment in elderly people on cognitive functioning : the DANTE study Leiden: a randomized clinical trial Effect of discontinuation of antihypertensive treatment in elderly people on cognitive functioning : the DANTE study Leiden: a randomized clinical trial
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Publication type
article
Publication
Chicago, Ill. ,
Subject
Human medicine
Source (journal)
JAMA internal medicine / American Medical Association. - Chicago, Ill., 2013, currens
Volume/pages
175(2015) :10 , p. 1622-1630
ISSN
2168-6106
ISI
000362594600007
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
IMPORTANCE Observational studies indicate that lower blood pressure (BP) increases risk for cognitive decline in elderly individuals. Older persons are at risk for impaired cerebral autoregulation; lowering their BP may compromise cerebral blood flow and cognitive function. OBJECTIVE To assess whether discontinuation of antihypertensive treatment in older persons with mild cognitive deficits improves cognitive, psychological, and general daily functioning. DESIGN, SETTING, ANDPARTICIPANTS Acommunity-based randomized clinical trial with a blinded outcome assessment at the 16-week follow-up was performed at 128 general practices in the Netherlands. A total of 385 participants 75 years or older with mild cognitive deficits (Mini-Mental State Examination score, 21-27) without serious cardiovascular disease who received antihypertensive treatment were enrolled in the Discontinuation of Antihypertensive Treatment in Elderly People (DANTE) Study Leiden from June 26, 2011, through August 23, 2013 (follow-up, December 16, 2013). Intention-to-treat analyses were performed from January 20 through April 11, 2014. INTERVENTIONS Discontinuation (n = 199) vs continuation (n = 186) of antihypertensive treatment (allocation ratio, 1: 1). MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Change in the overall cognition compound score. Secondary outcomes included changes in scores on cognitive domains, the Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Apathy Scale, Groningen Activity Restriction Scale (functional status), and Cantril Ladder (quality of life). RESULTS Compared with 176 participants undergoing analysis in the control (continuation) group, 180 in the intervention (discontinuation) group had a greater increase (95% CI) in systolic BP (difference, 7.36 [3.02 to 11.69] mmHg; P = .001) and diastolic BP (difference, 2.63 [0.34 to 4.93] mmHg; P = .03). The intervention group did not differ from the control group in change (95% CI) in overall cognition compound score (0.01 [-0.14 to 0.16] vs -0.01 [-0.16 to 0.14]; difference, 0.02 [-0.19 to 0.23]; P = .84). The intervention and control groups did not differ significantly in secondary outcomes, including differences (95% CIs) in change in compound scores of the 3 cognitive domains (executive function, -0.07 [-0.29 to 0.15; P = .52], memory, 0.08 [-0.12 to 0.29; P = .43], and psychomotor speed, -0.85 [-1.72 to 0.02; P = .06]), symptoms of apathy (0.17 [-0.65 to 0.99; P = .68]) and depression (0.14 [-0.20 to 0.48; P = .41]), functional status (-0.72 [-1.52 to 0.09; P = .08]), and quality-of-life score (-0.09 [-0.34 to 0.16; P = .46]). Adverse events were equally distributed. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In older persons with mild cognitive deficits, discontinuation of antihypertensive treatment did not improve cognitive, psychological, or general daily functioning at the 16-week follow-up.
E-info
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000362594600007&DestLinkType=RelatedRecords&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000362594600007&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000362594600007&DestLinkType=CitingArticles&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/33702b/128772.pdf
Handle