Title
Polycatégorialité et évolution diachronique : les emplois préfixoïdes de après (-) et arrière (-) Polycatégorialité et évolution diachronique : les emplois préfixoïdes de après (-) et arrière (-)
Parallel title
Polycategoriality and diachronic evolution: the prefixoid uses of apros(-) 'after' and arriare(-) 'back'
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Publication type
article
Publication
Paris ,
Subject
Linguistics
Source (journal)
Langue franšaise. - Paris
Volume/pages
(2015) :187 , p. 137-153
ISSN
0023-8368
ISI
000362462500006
Carrier
E
Target language
French (fre)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This article looks into the origin of the uses of arriere- and apres- as formatives, as well as into the way they have been grammaticalized, for instance in arriere-cour 'backyard' and apres-match 'after match'. The analysis of the functioning of these two terms in Old French shows that they both were multi-categorial, since they could be used as a preposition, a conjunction or a particle, but that they each also had a preferential use: apres was fundamentally a preposition, whereas arriere was rather used as an adverb or a particle. The paper then shows that in the case of apres, it was its prepositional use that allowed it to emerge as a formative, whereas the use of arriere as a formative resulted from a substitution of the ancient prefix r(i)ere-. The paper furthermore raises the question of the degree to which both elements have been grammaticalized, and thus also of their status: have they turned into true prefixes in Modern French or should they still be conceived of as prefixoids?
E-info
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000362462500006&DestLinkType=RelatedRecords&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcApp=PARTNER_APP&SrcAuth=LinksAMR&KeyUT=WOS:000362462500006&DestLinkType=FullRecord&DestApp=ALL_WOS&UsrCustomerID=ef845e08c439e550330acc77c7d2d848
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/d8f092/128783.pdf
Handle