Publication
Title
Pediatric bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens implantation : long-term follow-up
Author
Abstract
PURPOSE: To evaluate long-term follow-up results of pediatric cataract surgery using the bag-in-the-lens (BIL) intraocular lens (IOL) implantation technique. SETTING: Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Antwerp, Belgium. DESIGN: Prospective case series. METHODS: All pediatric cataract surgeries with BIL IOL implantation performed at the Antwerp University Hospital were evaluated. Only cases that completed a follow-up of 5 years at the hospital's Department of Ophthalmology were included in this study. RESULTS: Forty-six eyes of 31 children had a complete follow-up of 5 years or more after BIL IOL implantation. Sixteen cases were unilateral and 15 were bilateral. Patient age at time of surgery ranged from 2 months to 14 years. The mean refraction at the end of follow-up was -1.99 diopters (D) +/- 3.70 (SD). In bilateral cases, a corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) of better than 0.5 was attained in 86.7% and a CDVA of 1.0 was achieved in 56.7%. In unilateral cases, 31.2% achieved a CDVA of better than 0.5 but none obtained a CDVA of 1.0. A clear visual axis was maintained in 91.3% of cases during follow-up. Visual axis reopacification was detected in 4 eyes of 3 cases, all due to inadequate BIL IOL positioning. None of these eyes needed more than 1 intervention to maintain visual axis clarity. Other than 1 case of glaucoma, no severe complications were detected. CONCLUSION: Long-term follow-up results show that BIL IOL implantation is a safe, well-tolerated approach for treating pediatric cataract with a very low rate of visual axis reopacification and a low rate of secondary interventions for other postoperative complications. (C) 2015 ASCRS and ESCRS
Language
English
Source (journal)
Journal of cataract and refractive surgery. - Fairfax, Va
Publication
Fairfax, Va : 2015
ISSN
0886-3350
Volume/pages
41:8(2015), p. 1685-1692
ISI
000362998800018
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 09.12.2015
Last edited 12.07.2017
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