Linearized topologies and deformation theory
Faculty of Sciences. Mathematics and Computer Science
Topology and its applications. - Amsterdam
, p. 176-211
University of Antwerp
In this paper, for an underlying small category U endowed with a Grothendieck topology tau, and a linear category a which is graded over U in the sense of , we define a natural linear topology T-tau on a, which we call the linearized topology. Grothendieck categories in (non-commutative) algebraic geometry can often be realized as linear sheaf categories over linearized topologies. With the eye on deformation theory, it is important to obtain such realizations in which the linear category contains a restricted amount of algebraic information. We prove several results on the relation between refinement (eliminating both objects, and, more surprisingly, morphisms) of the non-linear underlying site (U, tau), and refinement of the linearized site (a, T-tau). These results apply to several incarnations of (quasi-coherent) sheaf categories, leading to a description of the infinitesimal deformation theory of these categories in the sense of  which is entirely controlled by the Gerstenhaber deformation theory of the small linear category a, and the Grothendieck topology tau on U. Our findings extend results from [17,12,7] and recover the examples from [21,20]. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.