Publication
Title
Environmental and economic performance of plasma gasification in Enhanced Landfill Mining
Author
Abstract
This paper describes an environmental and economic assessment of plasma gasification, one of the viable candidates for the valorisation of refuse derived fuel from Enhanced Landfill Mining. The study is based on life cycle assessment and life cycle costing. Plasma gasification is benchmarked against conventional incineration, and the study indicates that the process could have significant impact on climate change, human toxicity, particulate matter formation, metal depletion and fossil depletion. Flue gas emission, oxygen usage and disposal of residues (plasmastone) are the major environmental burdens, while electricity production and metal recovery represent the major benefits. Reductions in burdens and improvements in benefits are found when the plasmastone is valorised in building materials instead of landfilling. The study indicates that the overall environmental performance of plasma gasification is better than incineration. The study confirms a trade-off between the environmental and economic performance of the discussed scenarios. Net electrical efficiency and investment cost of the plasma gasification process and the selling price of the products are the major economic drivers.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Waste management. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2015
ISSN
0956-053X
Volume/pages
45(2015), p. 458-467
ISI
000364796800050
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (open access)
The author-created version that incorporates referee comments and is the accepted for publication version Available from 25.06.2017
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 04.01.2016
Last edited 17.05.2017
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