Publication
Title
Complementary use of $T_{2}$-weighted and postcontrast $T_{1}$-and $T2^{*}$-weighted imaging to distinguish sites of reversible and irreversible brain damage in focal ischemic lesions in rat brain
Author
Abstract
 The evolution of a photochemically induced cortical infarct was monitored using T-2-, postcontrast (GdDOTA) T-1-, and postcontrast (DyDTPA-BMA) T-2*-weighted NMR imaging techniques. Data acquired with these different NMR imaging types were compared, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The T-2*-weighted NMR images after sprodiamide injection (DyDTPA-BMA) were perfusion-weighted images that allowed the differentiation between several infarct-related areas in terms of different degrees of perfusion deficiency. No quantitative information on cerebral blood flow (CBF) was obtained. A clear distinction was made between areas with a complete lack of CBF located in the core of the lesion and temporary CBF insufficiencies in the rim surrounding this core. Concomitant observations on T-2-weighted and postcontrast T-1-weighted images revealed the same temporary rim characterized by an increased water content, and an intact blood-brain barrier (BBB), as well as by reduced perfusion. This rim appeared within the first hours after infarct induction, reached a maximum 24 h later, and lasted between 3-5 days, when its size gradually decreased until complete disappearance. These observations suggest the existence of an area at risk. Only on postcontrast T-1-weighted images, the core of the lesion remained visible during the whole experimental period (10 days) and reflected in all likelihood the irreversibly damaged ischemic central core. The combined application of different NMR imaging techniques when studying focal cerebral infarctions in the rat brain allowed us to distinguish, in terms of NMR characteristics, zones of reversible from irreversible brain damage and to estimate the severity of the damage. This might offer an appropriate experimental setup for the screening of cerebroprotective compounds.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Magnetic resonance imaging. - New York
Publication
New York : 1995
ISSN
0730-725X
Volume/pages
13(1995), p. 185-192
ISI
A1995QH14400002
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Full text (publishers version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
 Faculty/Department Research group Publication type Subject Affiliation Publications with a UAntwerp address