Title
Appearance of a conductive carbonaceous coating in a <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> dielectric barrier discharge and its influence on the electrical properties and the conversion efficiency Appearance of a conductive carbonaceous coating in a <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> dielectric barrier discharge and its influence on the electrical properties and the conversion efficiency
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Chemistry
Publication type
article
Publication
Bristol :Institute of Physics ,
Subject
Physics
Chemistry
Source (journal)
Plasma sources science and technology / Institute of Physics. - Bristol, 1992, currens
Volume/pages
25(2016) :1 , 13 p.
ISSN
0963-0252
0963-0252
Article Reference
015023
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
This work examines the properties of a dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) reactor, built for CO2 decomposition, by means of electrical characterization, optical emission spectroscopy and gas chromatography. The discharge, formed in an electronegative gas (such as CO2, but also O-2), exhibits clearly different electrical characteristics, depending on the surface conductivity of the reactor walls. An asymmetric current waveform is observed in the metal-dielectric (MD) configuration, with sparse high-current pulses in the positive half-cycle (HC) and a more uniform regime in the negative HC. This indicates that the discharge is operating in two alternating regimes with rather different properties. At high CO2 conversion regimes, a conductive coating is deposited on the dielectric. This so-called coated MD configuration yields a symmetric current waveform, with current peaks in both the positive and negative HCs. In a double-dielectric (DD) configuration, the current waveform is also symmetric, but without current peaks in both the positive and negative HC. Finally, the DD configuration with conductive coating on the inner surface of the outer dielectric, i.e. so-called coated DD, yields again an asymmetric current waveform, with current peaks in the negative HC. These different electrical characteristics are related to the presence of the conductive coating on the dielectric wall of the reactor and can be explained by an increase of the local barrier capacitance available for charge transfer. The different discharge regimes affect the CO2 conversion, more specifically, the CO2 conversion is lowest in the clean DD configuration. It is somewhat higher in the coated DD configuration, and still higher in the MD configuration. The clean and coated MD configuration, however, gave similar CO2 conversion. These results indicate that the conductivity of the dielectric reactor walls can highly promote the development of the high-amplitude discharge current pulses and subsequently the CO2 conversion.
Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/c4d7da/130790.pdf
E-info
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/iruaauth/ae49e6/130790.pdf
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