Psychometric evaluation of the overexcitability questionnaire-two applying bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) and multiple-group BSEM-based alignment with approximate measurement invariance
Faculty of Applied Economics
Faculty of Social Sciences. Instructional and Educational Sciences
Pully, Switzerland :Frontiers Research Foundation
Frontiers in psychology. - Pully, Switzerland, 2010, currens
, p. 1-17
University of Antwerp
The Overexcitability Questionnaire-Two (OEQ-II) measures the degree and nature of overexcitability, which assists in determining the developmental potential of an individual according to Dabrowskrs Theory of Positive Disintegration. Previous validation studies using frequentist confirmatory factor analysis, which postulates exact parameter constraints, led to model rejection and a long series of model modifications. Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) allows the application of zero-mean, small-variance priors for cross-loadings, residual covariances, and differences in measurement parameters across groups, better reflecting substantive theory and leading to better model fit and less overestimation of factor correlations. Our BSEM analysis with a sample of 516 students in higher education yields positive results regarding the factorial validity of the OEQ-II. Likewise, applying BSEM-based alignment with approximate measurement invariance, the absence of non-invariant factor loadings and intercepts across gender is supportive of the psychometric quality of the OEQ-II. Compared to males, females scored significantly higher on emotional and sensual overexcitability, and significantly lower on psychomotor overexcitability.