Influence of nutrient medium composition on uranium toxicity and choice of the most sensitive growth related endpoint in Lemna minorInfluence of nutrient medium composition on uranium toxicity and choice of the most sensitive growth related endpoint in Lemna minor
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Systemic Physiological and Ecotoxicological Research (SPHERE)
Journal of environmental radioactivity. - London
151(2016):2, p. 427-437
University of Antwerp
Uranium (U) toxicity is known to be highly dependent on U speciation and bioavailability, To assess the impact of uranium on plants, a growth inhibition test was set up in the freshwater macrophyte Lemna minor. First growth media with different compositions were tested in order to find a medium fit for testing U toxicity in L. minor. Following arguments were used for medium selection: the ability to sustain L. minor growth, a high solubility of U in the medium and a high percentage of the more toxic U-species namely UO22+. Based on these selection criteria a with a low phosphate concentration of 0.5 mg L-1 and supplemented with 5 mM MES (2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid) to ensure pH stability was chosen. This medium also showed highest U toxicity compared to the other tested media. Subsequently a full dose response curve for U was established by exposing L. minor plants to U concentrations ranging from 0.05 mu M up to 150 mu M for 7 days. Uranium was shown to adversely affect growth of L. minor in a dose dependent manner with EC10, EC30 and EC50 values ranging between 1.6 and 4.8 mu M, 7.7-16.4 mu M and 19.4-37.2 mu M U, respectively, depending on the growth endpoint. Four different growth related endpoints were tested: frond area, frond number, fresh weight and dry weight. Although differences in relative growth rates and associated ECx-values calculated on different endpoints are small (maximal twofold difference), frond area is recommended to be used to measure U-induced growth effects as it is a sensitive growth endpoint and easy to measure in vivo allowing for measurements over time. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.