Targeting of tumor necrosis factor alpha receptors as a therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disordersTargeting of tumor necrosis factor alpha receptors as a therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative disorders
Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences . Biomedical Sciences
Neurochemistry and behaviour
2015Basel :Mdpi ag, 2015
4(2015):4, p. 369-408
University of Antwerp
Numerous studies have revealed the pleiotropic functions of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-), and have linked it with several neurodegenerative disorders. This review describes the signaling pathways induced by TNF- via its two receptors (TNFR1 and TNFR2), and their functions in neurodegenerative processes as in Alzheimer's disease (AD), Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), and ischemic stroke. It has become clear that TNF- may exert divergent actions in neurodegenerative disorders, including neurodegenerative and neuroprotective effects, which appear to depend on its signaling via either TNFR1 or TNFR2. Specific targeting of these receptors is a promising therapeutic strategy for many disorders.