Title
Meaning in life and depressive symptoms : a person-oriented approach in residential and community-dwelling older adults Meaning in life and depressive symptoms : a person-oriented approach in residential and community-dwelling older adults
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Social Sciences. Sociology
Publication type
article
Publication
Abington ,
Subject
Psychology
Sociology
Source (journal)
Aging and mental health. - Abington
Volume/pages
19(2015) :12 , p. 1063-1070
ISSN
1360-7863
ISI
000360694500003
Carrier
E
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Abstract
Objectives: In current society, an increasing population of older adults and a high prevalence of depressive symptoms in late life is noticeable. A possible protective resource is Meaning in Life. The objective of this study is to identify from a person-oriented view (a) Meaning in Life-profiles, based on Presence of Meaning and Search for Meaning dimensions, and (b) their associations with depressive symptoms. Methods: A sample of 205 residential older adults (M = 83.20 years, SD = 7.26) and 280 community-dwelling older adults (M = 75.98 years, SD = 4.76) completed questionnaires of Meaning in Life and depressive symptoms. First, cluster analyses examined potential Meaning in Life-profiles. Second, analyses of variance tested associations between these distinct profiles and depressive symptoms. Results: In both samples, three distinguishable profiles emerged, a Low Presence Low Search, a High Presence High Search and a High Presence Low Search. Furthermore, older adults with a High Presence Low Search profile witnessed less depressive symptoms, compared to those with a Low Presence Low Search profile. Residential older adults within the High Presence High Search cluster scored in-between the two other clusters for depressive symptoms. However, community-dwelling older adults within this cluster reported similar levels of depressive symptoms as the High Presence Low Search group. Conclusion: Similar Meaning in Life-profiles were detected in residential as well as community-dwelling older adults. In both samples, older adults with a High Presence Low Search profile reported less depressive feelings, pointing to the importance of spontaneously experiencing Meaning in Life in this life stage.
E-info
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