Publication
Title
Genotype and co-medication dependent CYP2D6 metabolic activity : effects on serum concentrations of aripiprazole, haloperidol, risperidone, paliperidone and zuclopenthixol
Author
Abstract
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of antipsychotics can aid in therapy optimization, explaining adverse effects or non-response. One reason for therapeutic failure or adverse effects is caused by genetic variations in the cytochrome P450 drug-metabolizing genes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of CYP2D6 polymorphisms on steady-state serum concentrations of antipsychotics metabolized by CYP2D6, taking into account the co-medication with CYP2D6 inhibitors. Serum and EDTA samples were collected from 82 psychiatric patients. After a liquid-liquid extraction, serum samples were analyzed using an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric (UHPLC-MS/MS) method for quantification of the antipsychotics. CYP2D6 genotyping was performed using the Luminex xTAGA (R) CYP2D6 Kit v3 (Luminex Corporation). Patients were divided into five phenotype subgroups by calculation of the activity score (AS): poor metabolizers (PM; AS 0), intermediate metabolizers (IM; AS 0.5-1), extensive metabolizers with slow activity (EM-s; AS 1-1.5), extensive metabolizers with fast activity (EM-f; AS 2), and ultra-rapid metabolizers (UM; AS > 2). The influence of the phenotypes on the concentration-to-dose and metabolite-to-parent ratios was evaluated. Overall, 6.1 % UM (n = 5), 25.6 % EM-f (n = 21), 46.3 % EM-s (n = 38), 1.2 % EM-s/EM-f (n = 1), 6.1 % IM (n = 5), and 14.6 % PM (n = 12) were found, taking co-administration of strong and moderate CYP2D6 inhibitors into account (phenoconversion). It was demonstrated that CYP2D6 polymorphisms affect the serum concentrations of aripiprazole (n = 18), haloperidol (n = 11), risperidone (n = 20), and zuclopenthixol (n = 6), while no influence was seen on the paliperidone serum concentrations (n = 31). Even with a small number of patients per antipsychotic, the importance of CYP2D6 genotyping was still clearly stated. This study illustrates the high potential of combining TDM and CYP2D6 genotyping in clinical practice.
Language
English
Source (journal)
European journal of clinical pharmacology. - Berlin
Publication
Berlin : 2016
ISSN
0031-6970
Volume/pages
72:2(2016), p. 175-184
ISI
000368542200005
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 10.03.2016
Last edited 01.08.2017
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