Title
European land <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> sink influenced by NAO and East-Atlantic Pattern coupling European land <tex>$CO_{2}$</tex> sink influenced by NAO and East-Atlantic Pattern coupling
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Sciences. Biology
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Engineering sciences. Technology
Source (journal)
Nature communications
Volume/pages
7(2016) , 9 p.
ISSN
2041-1723
2041-1723
Article Reference
10315
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
Large-scale climate patterns control variability in the global carbon sink. In Europe, the North-Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) influences vegetation activity, however the East-Atlantic (EA) pattern is known to modulate NAO strength and location. Using observation-driven and modelled data sets, we show that multi-annual variability patterns of European Net Biome Productivity (NBP) are linked to anomalies in heat and water transport controlled by the NAO-EA interplay. Enhanced NBP occurs when NAO and EA are both in negative phase, associated with cool summers with wet soils which enhance photosynthesis. During anti-phase periods, NBP is reduced through distinct impacts of climate anomalies in photosynthesis and respiration. The predominance of anti-phase years in the early 2000s may explain the European-wide reduction of carbon uptake during this period, reported in previous studies. Results show that improving the capability of simulating atmospheric circulation patterns may better constrain regional carbon sink variability in coupled carbon-climate models.
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Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/d74769/131598.pdf
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