Limited resections in high-risk patientsLimited resections in high-risk patients
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Antwerp Surgical Training, Anatomy and Research Centre (ASTARC)
2015Philadelphia :Lippincott williams & wilkins, 2015
Current opinion in pulmonary medicine. - Philadelphia, Pa.
21(2015):4, p. 309-313
University of Antwerp
Purpose of review The role of limited, sublobar resection in patients with early-stage nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains controversial. Alternative treatments for surgical resection include stereotactic radiotherapy and radiofrequency ablation. In this review, the role of limited resection is discussed in patients presenting as high-risk for surgical intervention. Recent findings Clear definitions of high-risk patients are currently lacking, as well as, randomized prospective studies indicating which treatment to offer in this population. Awaiting results of two major ongoing trials, at this moment the decision-making process is heavily dependent on retrospective analyses. For selected patients sublobar resection may be a valid oncological option for clinical stage IA NSCLC. Summary Surgery remains the gold standard for NSCLC. In case of high-risk patients, a multidisciplinary consultation should advise the patient which treatment option to choose. In early-stage NSCLC, sublobar anatomical resection is preferred over nonsurgical procedures to determine nodal status and prognosis. In case of patients unfit for surgery, stereotactic radiotherapy is a good alternative. A randomized prospective study is necessary to determine survival in high-risk patients allocated to surgery (lobectomy or sublobar resection) or radiation-based treatment.