Title
Perceptual accent rating and attribution in psychogenic FAS : some further evidence challenging Whitaker's operational definition
Author
Faculty/Department
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
Faculty of Arts. Linguistics and Literature
Publication type
article
Publication
Subject
Psychology
Human medicine
Source (journal)
Frontiers in human neuroscience
Volume/pages
10(2016) , 14 p.
ISSN
1662-5161
1662-5161
Article Reference
62
Carrier
E-only publicatie
Target language
English (eng)
Full text (Publishers DOI)
Affiliation
University of Antwerp
Abstract
A 40-year-old, non-aphasic, right-handed, and polyglot (L1: French, L2: Dutch, and L3: English) woman with a 12-year history of addiction to opiates and psychoactive substances, and clear psychiatric problems, presented with a foreign accent of sudden onset in L1. Speech evolved toward a mostly fluent output, despite a stutter-like behavior and a marked grammatical output disorder. The psychogenic etiology of the accent foreignness was construed based on the patient's complex medical history and psychodiagnostic, neuropsychological, and neurolinguistic assessments. The presence of a foreign accent was affirmed by a perceptual accent rating and attribution experiment. It is argued that this patient provides additional evidence demonstrating the outdatedness of Whitaker's (1982) definition of foreign accent syndrome, as only one of the four operational criteria was unequivocally applicable to our patient: her accent foreignness was not only recognized by her relatives and the medical staff but also by a group of native French-speaking laymen. However, our patient defied the three remaining criteria, as central nervous system damage could not conclusively be demonstrated, psychodiagnostic assessment raised the hypothesis of a conversion disorder, and the patient was a polyglot whose newly gained accent was associated with a range of foreign languages, which exceeded the ones she spoke.
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Full text (open access)
https://repository.uantwerpen.be/docman/irua/d885ed/132281.pdf
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Handle