Publication
Title
Effect of cation dopant radius on the hydrothermal stability of tetragonal zirconia : grain boundary segregation and oxygen vacancy annihilation
Author
Abstract
The hydrothermal aging stability of 3Y-TZP-xM(2)O(3) (M = La, Nd, Sc) was investigated as a function of 0.02 -5 mol% M2O3 dopant content and correlated to the overall phase content, t-ZrO2 lattice parameters, grain size distribution, grain boundary chemistry and ionic conductivity. The increased aging stability with increasing Sc2O3 content and the optimum content of 0.4-0.6 mol% Nd2O3 or 0.2-0.4 mol% La2O3, resulting in the highest aging resistance, could be directly related to the constituent phases and the lattice parameters of the remaining tetragonal zirconia. At low M2O3 dopant contents <= 0.4 mol%, the different aging behavior of tetragonal zirconia was attributed to the defect structure of the zirconia grain boundary which was influenced by the dopant cation radius. It was observed that the grain boundary ionic resistivity and the aging resistance followed the same trend: La3+ > Nd3+ > Al3+ > Sc3+, proving that hydrothermal aging is driven by the diffusion of water-derived mobile species through the oxygen vacancies. Accordingly, we elucidated the underlying mechanism by which a larger trivalent cation segregating at the zirconia grain boundary resulted in a higher aging resistance. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Language
English
Source (journal)
Acta materialia. - Oxford
Publication
Oxford : 2016
ISSN
1359-6454
Volume/pages
106(2016), p. 48-58
ISI
000371650300006
Full text (Publisher's DOI)
Full text (publisher's version - intranet only)
UAntwerpen
Faculty/Department
Research group
Publication type
Subject
Affiliation
Publications with a UAntwerp address
External links
Web of Science
Record
Identification
Creation 08.04.2016
Last edited 07.09.2017
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